Формирование УУД при организации проектной деятельности
Соучастие в российско–американском проекте по созданию учебника по английскому языку с этническим компонентом
«Обучение с использованием визуальных средств, основанное на проектах изучения тем, общих для нескольких коренных народов».
Руководитель международного проекта English Language Fellow Akiva Weiss
Михайлова Марианна Васильевна, учитель английского языка и ученица Горошко Анна
МБОУ «Зырянская средняя общеобразовательная школа»
Goroshko Anna, 14 years old
Oduls (Yukaghirs) live in our Verkhnekolymskiy district, in the village Nelemnoe. Before dwelling oduls (Yukagirs) – it was a hut covered with branches of plants to protect against wind and snow. The covering was made of turf. In winter it was covered with snow. Later, from a single-pitched hut turns into a gable, then into an ordinary one with a hanging skin of a wild deer instead of doors above the entrance opening.
After coming lamuts duly they picked up a leather tent of conical shape where in the middle lays out a fire. Only starting from 17-18 centuries, after the arrival of the Russians, took over chopped house kamelek[i] and a flat roof.
The size of the hut ranges from 3 to 4 meters and the tower can be up to 3 meters. In the right corner from the entrance is built kamelek. It’s imagined a vertically set pipe built of larch poles and tied with willow twigs.
The table represents three planks connected by fish glue vertices in one direction so that with one end already and the other wider. Instead of legs he served four stakes that were driven into the earthen floor. Windows served in the winter ice, and in the summer – skin of burbot. The size of the window was so small that it wasn’t possible to get inside the bears who often visited the village.
The locals never leave at night wood in chopped form to “the spirits didn’t stop in the hut to melt kamelek and warm.
The barn was built together with a porch and a hut where he developed things, weapons and a supply of fish. All that you need in a short time put on the roof of the house where the dogs and children can’t climb. The other extensions weren’t at a hut.
In spring, summer and autumn during migrations they lived in leather yurts; during private hunting and fishing – in huts and in winter – in huts.
[i] Kamelek – hearth for heating
GOROSHKO ANNA, 14 YEARS OLD
What is the yakut’s kitchen? Yakut’s kitchen is a traditional kitchen of Yakuts. This kitchen has common features with the Kazakhs, Buryats, Mongols, Northern peoples (Evenks, Evens, Chukchi).
Yakuts have a few ways of cooking: boiling (meat, fish), fermentation (kumys, suorat) and freezing (fish meat). Usually meat is used horse meat, beef, venison, game birds, as well as giblets and blood. Very common dishes of Siberian fish such as sturgeon, chir, omul, musk, peled, nelma, grayling.
In Yakutia very widely used a dish which called is yogos. Yogos are horse or beef ribs. Also Yakuts like a steak which is eaten food with a strong flavour of lijecnika and saranoff. Also Yakuts make Haan[i]-Yakutsk blood sausage from beef and horse blood.
Yakut’s kitchen has no dishes of vegetables and fruits it’s used some berries.
Most popular Yakut drink is kymys. From cow’s milk prepared yogurt (swart), whipped cream (kurchak), butter whipped with milk until a thick cream (kober), butter whipped with milk and berries (chooxon), curds (idega). From flour and dairy products Yakuts cook a thick mass – salamat.
[i] Haan – sausage of blood